Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Home Paternity Testing


Why are home paternity tests cheaper than legal paternity tests?

A home paternity test (also known as a non-legal paternity test) costs less than a legal paternity test because the home paternity test does not require the strict chain of custody procedures for the DNA specimen collection part of the paternity test.  DNA samples are collected in the privacy of your own home and then shipped to our lab for processing.  Once the DNA samples arrive at the paternity test laboratory, the same high quality DNA testing is used for both legal and non-legal paternity tests.


If you plan to use your paternity test result for a child support case or another legal matter, you should order a legal paternity test.  If you think you need a legal paternity test, CLICK HERE to be directed to our legal paternity test page.


How does the home paternity test work?

  • Contact us to set up your home paternity test; we will ship you an at-home DNA specimen collection kit.  
  • Our easy-to-follow at-home DNA specimen collection instructions are included with every at-home DNA specimen collection kit we send.  The DNA specimen collection kit allows for painless collection of cheek swab samples (inside your mouth) in the privacy of your own home. 
  • You are provided with a prepaid return airbill for a quick, easy and FREE shipment of the DNA (cheek swab) samples that you collected back to our DNA paternity testing laboratory. 
  • Once all cheek swab samples of all tested parties have been received in our DNA testing laboratory, standard paternity test results are generally available in 3-5 business days.


Can I order a home paternity test DNA collection kit if I live in the state of New York?

No, the state of New York requires that you complete a paternity test that has been ordered either by a physician, an attorney, a court order, or an immigration agency.  Because New York State requires this order for testing by an authorized individual or agency, Genetica does not send at-home DNA specimen collection kits to New York addresses. Any DNA paternity laboratory that is accredited by the New York State Department of Health will have this same requirement. The order for testing in the state of New York must include the names of the tested parties, as well as who should receive the results of the paternity test.


Please CLICK HERE to be directed to our legal paternity test page if you live in the State of New York. 


Does the mother of the child need to be tested in a home paternity test?

It is possible to complete a home paternity test without a DNA (cheek swab) sample from the child's biological mother; however, it is preferred that the mother also provide a DNA specimen.  For testing other than parentage, such as grandparentage or other family relationship testing, the mother of the child may be needed to obtain conclusive results.


What if there are two alleged fathers and they are related?

For the most accurate and conclusive result, in cases where two related men are possible fathers of the same child, it is HIGHLY recommended to test both alleged fathers, as well as the biological mother of the child.  If this is not possible, it is important to alert the DNA laboratory that there are other possible fathers who are related to the tested alleged father.  


How reliable are the home paternity test results?

Once the DNA (cheek swab) samples that you collected in the privacy of your own home arrive at the DNA paternity laboratory, the same high quality DNA testing is used for both legal and non-legal paternity tests.  In addition, our home paternity test results routinely provide a probability of paternity of 99.99% or 0% (excluded).  Whether you just need to know or will need results that can be used for a legal matter, Genetica DNA Laboratories should be your first step in this journey.


What do I need to start my home paternity test?

You will need the following information:

  • Names of all tested parties
  • Current contact information for all parties involved
  • Return address or email for the results
  • Payment (credit or debit cards preferred; no cash or personal checks accepted)



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Home Paternity Test

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Think you might need a legal test? 

Click here for more information

All of our DNA tests, including our home paternity test, are tested with more than 20 genetic markers.  In addition, all samples are run in a duplicate manner in our testing laboratory to ensure you get high quality DNA test results even when the test is used solely for your own personal knowledge.

A paternity test that involves a DNA collection conducted in the privacy of your own home without an independent party performing the specimen collection is commonly called a non-legal paternity test (or home paternity test) because it should not be used in legal situations such as immigration, court proceedings, or legal document changes (such as birth certificates).  Although this home paternity test does provide the same testing information as a legal paternity test, the DNA specimen collection procedure is carried out in the privacy of your own home with a DNA specimen collection test kit purchased directly from our lab (painless collection of cheek swab samples).  If you want to know the results of a paternity test or a family relationship test, but do not need the information for a court or legal proceeding, at-home DNA specimen collection kits may be the right choice for you; our home paternity test will give you answers when you just need "peace of mind".  If there is any chance the results might be needed for legal purposes, a legal test should be performed.

Our At-home (Non-legal) DNA Testing Services include:

  • Home Paternity Test
  • Home Maternity Test
  • Home Sibling DNA Test
  • Family Reconstruction cases (when the alleged parent is deceased or missing)
  • Home Grandparentage DNA Test (both alleged grandparents tested)